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Inscriptions of Ingolstadt

Asam Church

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On the main street-front fašade of the Asam church of Ingolstadt you can see two rather simply-framed inscriptions commemorating different historical events.

Photo Asam church in Ingolstadt: main street-front fašade

Main street-front fašade

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Bibliography

Internet

Photo Asam church in Ingolstadt: main street-front fašade

Main street-front fašade

Photo Asam church in Ingolstadt: inscriptions

Upper Inscription

Lower Inscription

Photos:
Hans-Rudolf Hower, 2011

Photo Asam church in Ingolstadt: right side

Right side

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Upper Inscription

Original Text (in ecclesiastical Latin and German)

Maria de victoria

Ehemals Oratorium
der Marian[ischen] Studen-
tenkongregation

Erbaut 1732 - 35 durch
die GebrŘder Asam

Translation

Mary of Victory

Formerly oratory
of the Marian students'
congregation

Built from 1732 to 1735 by
the Asam brothers

Comment

The expression "Maria de Victoria" is no classic but ecclesiastical Latin. In classic Latin it would be Maria Victoriae. Linguistically speaking, this ecclesiastical expression had already developped in the same direction as most Romanic languages, especially Italian, whose special feature is the replacement of the classic Latin endings by prepositional expressions. Compare the Italian equivalent of "Maria de Victoria", which is Maria della vittoria.

The first church dedicated to Our Lady of Victory was built by Simon de Montfort in 1213, during the Albigensian Crusade, in thanks for the victory of the Battle of Muret.

In 1571 Pope Pius V instituted Our Lady of Victory as an annual feast to commemorate the victory of Lepanto against the Turkish muslims. As a rosary procession had been offered on that day in St. Peter's Square in Rome for the success of the military mission of the Holy League against the Muslim forces, Pope Gregory XIII changed the title of this feast-day to "Feast of the Holy Rosary" in 1573. This feast, inserted into the Roman Catholic calendar of saints by Pope Clement XII, in 1716, still exists, and Our Lady of the Rosary has become the patron saint of several churches around the world. For more details, see Wikipedia

According to a chronical of the Christian Life Community, the first Marian Congregation was founded in 1563 by a Jesuit teacher whereas the foundation of the Marian Students Congregation of Ingolstadt in 1577 at the instigation of the well-known Jesuit Petrus Canisius is mentioned in a text of the local museum (in German).

As for the Asam brothers, Wikipedia says: "The Asam Brothers (Cosmas Damian Asam and Egid Quirin Asam) were sculptors, workers in stucco, painters, and architects, who worked mostly together and in southern Germany. They are among the most important representatives of the German late Baroque."

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Lower Inscription

Original Text (in German)

Zum Gedenken an den 200. Weihe-
tag der Pfarrkirche St. Hedwig und
St. Wenzel (1788 - 1988), an Naturarzt
Johann Schroth († 1856), Schwester
Dr. Klara Fietz († 1937) und Erzpriester
Karl Seichter († 1949)

Die aus ihrer Sudetenschlesischen
Altvaterheimat 1946 vertriebenen
Lindewiesner - Heimattreffen 1988

Translation

In remembrance of the 200th consecration
day of the St. Hedwig and
St. Wenzel parish church (1788 - 1988), of the
naturopath Johann Schroth († 1856), Schwester
Dr. Klara Fietz († 1937) and the archpriest
Karl Seichter († 1949)

The inhabitants of Lindewiese expelled from
their Sudete-Silesian home village in 1946

Home village meeting 1988

Comment

The lower inscription was created on the occasion of the Lindewiese expellees' meeting in Ingolstadt to commemorate their expulsion and some prominent expellees coming from the same village. For the persons mentioned on the plaque, see the below bibliography and Internet references.

The Sudete-Silesians expelled from Lindewiese (nowadays called Lipovß-lßzně in Czech) are part of the German population formerly living in regions that Germany had to cease to other European countries at the end of World War II or in regions where they had lived for a long time under the authority of another state. Thus, millions of expropriated, expelled and otherwise displaced people had to be relocated in Western Germany, many of them still having the nostalgy of their former homes.

An almost identical plaque exists in Oberstaufen. See the homepage of the German Expellees Union (Bund der Vertriebenen).

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Bibliography

Author / Title / Subject

Notes

Info / Purchase

Munich, Bavaria and the Black Forest
(Lonely Planet Country & Regional Guides)

A guide to southern Germany.

amazon.de/at: English.

amazon.es: English.

amazon.fr: English.

amazon.it: English.

Bavaria
(Cadogan Guides)

A specialized guide to Bavaria.

amazon.de/at: English.

amazon.es: English.

amazon.fr: English.

amazon.it: English.

Johann Schroth

Most of the books related to this naturopath and to his methods are published in German, and rarely in English. To get a list of those of these books that are available at amazon, click on the link of your favorite amazon site in the right-hand column, copy "Johann Schroth" into the search field and enter RETURN.

amazon.co.uk

amazon.de/at

amazon.es

amazon.fr

amazon.it

Alma Motzko, Klara Fietz, eine Begnadete (Klara Fietz, a divinely gifted woman)

A biography (German language).

Second-hand sellers, public or university libraries.

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Internet

Please be aware of our legal reservation concerning any Internet reference.

Address / Owner

Content / Subjects

Municipality of Ingolstadt

Official site (German language).

Ingolstadt

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on the city of Ingolstadt.

City map of Ingolstadt

By Google Maps.

Zoomable city map of Ingolstadt.

The Asam Church of Maria de Victoria

In www.ingolstadt-tourismus.mobi.

Short touristic article on the Asam church of Ingolstadt, with photo, office hours, and general concert timetable. This article is formatted for mobile phones.

Upper Inscription: Asam Church

Asamkirche (Asam Church)

In Guide to Bavaria.

Short touristic article on the Asam church ("Maria de Victoria" Congregation Hall) of Ingolstadt, with small photo and general concert timetable.

Asam brothers

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on those baroque "sculptors, workers in stucco, painters, and architects, who worked mostly together and in southern Germany".

Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester

In the English Wikipedia.

Detailed encyclopaedic article on this French nobleman (1160 ľ 1218), who took part in the Fourth Crusade and was an important leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He won the battle of Muret.

Albigensian Crusade

In the English Wikipedia.

Detailed encyclopaedic article on this crusade against the Cathars (1209ľ1229) in the south of what will be France in later centuries. One of the most important leaders of that crusade was Simon de Montfort.

Battle of Muret

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on this battle won by Simon de Montfort, and in thanks of which Simon de Montfort built the first church dedicated to Our Lady of Victory.

Maria vom Siege

In the German Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on the history of St. Mary's "de victoria" title ("Maria vom Siege" in German).

Santa Maria della Vittoria

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on this church, which has been rededicated to the Virgin Mary after the catholic victory at the battle of White Mountain in 1620. Its name means "Church of Our Lady of Victory".

Our Lady of the Rosary

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on the history of "Our Lady of the Rosary", which is a later synonym of "Our Lady of Victory".

Christian Life Community / CommunautÚ de Vie ChrÚtienne / Comunidad de Vida Cristiana

In Christian Life Community's own site.

History of Marian congregations in tabular form (in English, French, and Spanish). No mention of Ingolstadt.

Society of Jesus

In the English Wikipedia.

Detailed encyclopaedic article on the Jesuit order.

Petrus Canisius

In the English Wikipedia.

Detailed encyclopaedic article on this Jesuit who largely contributed to the restoration of the Roman Catholic Church in Central Europe.

Zeittafel zu Petrus Canisius

In Kurt Scheuerer - Materialsammlung zur Geschichte von Ingolstadt.

This page mentions the foundation of the Marian Students Congregation in 1577 at the instigation of the well-known Jesuit Petrus Canisius ("1577: Auf Betreiben des Petrus Canisius wird in Ingolstadt die Marianische Studentenkongregation gegrŘndet"). This should not be mixed up with the Congregation of Marian Fathers, which was only founded in 1673, according to the related English Wikipedia article.

Lower Inscription: Expellees' Memorial

Johann Schroth

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on this Austrian naturopath (1798 - 1856), who died in (Bad) Lindewiese, origin of the German refugees mentioned in the lower inscription of the Asam church in Ingolstadt.

For Bad Lindewiese, see below.

For locating Johann Schroth's death, see the German Wikipedia.

Klara Fietz

In Íkumenisches Heiligenlexikon (German language).

Short encyclopaedic article on this Austrian nun (1905 - 1937), who was born in (Bad) Lindewiese, origin of the German refugees mentioned in the lower inscription of the Asam church in Ingolstadt.

For Bad Lindewiese, see below.

Sudetes

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on the mountain range called Sudeten in German and Sudety in Czech and in Polish. One of its parts are the Altvater mountains (Hrubř JesenÝk in Czech), origin of the German refugees mentioned in the lower inscription of the Asam church in Ingolstadt.

Hrubř JesenÝk

In the English Wikipedia.

Encyclopaedic article on the mountains called Hrubř JesenÝk in Czech and Altvater(gebirge) in German, origin of the German refugees mentioned in the lower inscription of the Asam church in Ingolstadt.

Lipovß-lßzně

In the English Wikipedia.

Short encyclopaedic article on this village the German refugees mentioned in the lower inscription of the Asam church in Ingolstadt came from. Nowadays Bad Lindewiese is Czech and has been renamed to Lipovß-lßzně.

Mahn- und Gedenkstńtten Bayern

In www.bund-der-vertriebenen.de.

In the chapter entitled "87534 Oberstaufen", this document describes a plaque located in the church of Oberstaufen and presenting the following text: "Die 1945 aus ihrer Altvaterheimat vertriebenen Lindewiesner grŘ▀en ihre Pfarrkirche St. Hedwig und St. Wenzel anlń▀lich ihres zweihundertjahrigen Weihejubilaums. Sie denken auch an ihren Naturarzt Johann Schroth † 1850, an die Dienerin Gottes SR Dr. Klara (Rosa) Fietz † 1937 in Graz und den Erzpriester Karl Seichter † 1949, den letzten deutschen Pfarrer von Lindewiese. Patenschaft Lindewiese - Oberstaufen 1986." This German text is very similar to the text of the lower inscription of the Asam church in Ingolstadt.

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Holidays in Ingolstadt?   Excellent idea!   But where to stay?

Whether you are looking for a room, an apartment, a hotel, a guest house, or any other accommodation,
with board or without it, you can find it on

BOOKING.COM.

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Arrival by Public Transport

For the arrival in Ingolstadt, see Inscriptions of Ingolstadt.

Looking at the front of the Old Cityhall (Altes Rathaus), take the Moritzstra▀e on the left of the cityhall up to Theresienstra▀e, where you turn to the left. Then turn to the right into the Konviktstra▀e, where you will find the Asam church on the left after crossing the Jesuitenstra▀e / Johannesstra▀e (beyond the St. Moritz church, which you will see on the right).

Indications concerning the arrival correspond to our personal knowledge or even experience, but we cannot assume any responsibility for their rightness. When you are reading this page, things may have changed in reality.

Hans-Rudolf Hower, 2011

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Last updated: April 4, 2016